Health Spending and Inequality in Emerging Economies

New research from the Empowering CSO Networks in an Unequal Multi-polar World programme compares the cases of India, China, Russia and Indonesia in terms of levels and structures of health spending, and the impact on inequality in each of these countries. The report finds that in order to reduce inequality and improve the overall quality of healthcare there is a need to increase public healthcare spending. The research finds clear evidence to show a relationship between increased public provision of healthcare and publically-funded national health insurance programmes, and an overall reduction in inequality.

Nevertheless, not all of these four countries are adopting the same path to increase healthcare coverage, and as such the impact on inequality has been mixed. Furthermore, the research highlights a number of ongoing challenges, and suggests that even with political willpower and support to increase public health spending, the detail of how this spending is channelled and monitored is vital in terms of having a positive effect on inequality. Ensuring effective policy implementation, infrastructure upgrading, regulation of hospital and healthcare practices and overall capacity building and outreach to people living in poverty and to women are some of the areas that need to be focused on

To read the full report, please visit Health Spending and Inequality E Gomez

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